Grand Jury & Trial Jury in The USA – What you need To know … www.nairalaw.com

What is a grand jury?

A grand jury is a legal body that is empowered to conduct official proceedings to investigate potential criminal conduct and to determine whether criminal charges should be brought.

1. How does a grand jury differ from a trial jury?

A grand jury and a trial jury serve different purposes in the legal system. A grand jury is a group of citizens who are tasked with determining whether there is enough evidence to bring criminal charges against a suspect. The grand jury proceedings are conducted in secret and the jurors hear evidence presented by a prosecutor. If the grand jury determines that there is enough evidence, they issue an indictment, which is a formal charge that initiates a criminal trial.

On the other hand, a trial jury is responsible for determining whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty of the charges brought against them. The trial jury hears evidence presented by both the prosecution and defense and makes a decision based on that evidence.

In summary, the main difference between a grand jury and a trial jury is that the grand jury decides whether there is enough evidence to bring charges against a suspect, while the trial jury decides whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty of those charges.

Who serves on a grand jury?

A grand jury is a group of citizens who are selected to determine whether there is enough evidence to indict a person for a crime and bring them to trial. The members of a grand jury are selected from the community and serve for a specific period of time, usually several months. In the United States, a grand jury typically consists of 16 to 23 members, and their proceedings are conducted in secret. The members of a grand jury are chosen by a judge and are required to be impartial and unbiased.

How are grand jury members selected?

Grand jury members are selected through a random process by the court clerk’s office. Potential jurors are identified from voter registration lists, driver’s license lists, and other sources. The court then sends summonses to the potential jurors requiring them to appear in court for jury selection. Once the potential jurors appear in court, a judge will give them instructions and ask them questions to determine if they are qualified to serve on the grand jury. The judge will then randomly select the required number of jurors from those who are qualified. It is important to note that grand jury members serve for a specific period of time, usually several months, and are required to attend all scheduled meetings during that time.

Grand Jury & Trial Jury in The USA – What you need To know … www.nairalaw.com

 

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